On January 4, 2011, President Obama signed into law the Food Safety Modernization Act (“FSMA”) (Pub. L. No. 111-353, 124 Stat. 3885 (2011)), representing the most substantial overhaul of food safety law in decades. FSMA increases oversight at various points along the supply chain, including production, storage, distribution, and importation. Because the supply chain is essential to efficiency, costs, and ultimately revenues, retailers should stay apprised of developments in FSMA’s implementation.